In 1879 the officer Przewalski discovered the last herd of Asiatic wild horses in the inaccessible steppes on the Chinese-Mongolian frontier.
The few individuals kept in zoos have ensured the survival of the breed.
Today they are being reintroduced in a semi-wild state in reserves.
Przewalski's horse is related to the European wild horse, the forest Tarpan. They share a common ancestor, the Pliohippus, which was very widespread all over the earth 15 000 years ago. Przewalski's horse has a reddish-brown to chestnut coat, and a white muzzle, with a black tail and socks. The short dense mane stands erect on its neck. It lives in herds under the command of a mature stallion. In the wild it lives for 15 to 20 years; in captivity it can live to be 30.
It lives on grasses and tree vegetation.