Originally from southern Spain and North Africa, this deer lives in wooded regions in herds led by an mature female.
There are three types: the bay, the black, and the speckled fallow deer.
The males carry flattened palmate antlers. In old males, this broad bony structure is known as palmation. The antlers drop every year in early spring, and grow back by summer.
The fallow deer eats grasses, leaves, fruits, bark, buds and young shoots.
It has a very keen sense of smell.
The male weighs about 70 kg. Life expectancy is 12 to 15 years.
The rut takes place in September and October. Gestation lasts 38 weeks and is followed in June or July by the birth of a single fawn.
The young are brought up within the herd.
The Fallow deer, though it acclimatises readily, always remains semi-wild and never becomes fully domesticated.